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Fatty Acids and Vitamins

Fatty Acids and Vitamins

Each oil possesses a unique combination of qualities derived from their fatty acids, vitamins, antioxidants, and antibacterial properties. These oils are composed of either mono or polyunsaturated fatty acids. Often referred to as omega fatty acids. These fatty acids fit into categories of either essential or non-essential, depending on the body’s ability to produce them naturally.

While the primary source of these beneficial nutrients is through a balanced diet, it is worth noting that the effects of different types of soaps can be felt on the skin. Some soaps may leave the skin feeling tight, even after rinsing, while others leave the skin feeling nourished and supple.

Each oil possesses a unique combination of qualities derived from their fatty acids, vitamins, antioxidants, and antibacterial properties. These oils are composed of either mono or polyunsaturated fatty acids. Often referred to as omega fatty acids. These fatty acids are categorized as either essential or non-essential, depending on the body’s ability to produce them naturally.

Below, you will find brief descriptions of how each type of fatty acid benefits the skin.

Fatty Acids & Vitamins


Beta-carotene, a naturally occurring pigment found in oils like grapeseed oil, is renowned for its antioxidant properties. This plant-derived compound is responsible for the vibrant reddish-orange to yellow hues seen in various fruits and vegetables.

In the realm of cosmetics, beta-carotene is a sought-after chemical additive due to its ability to shield the skin from UVA-light damage. By effectively combating oxidative stress, this antioxidant contributes to improving the overall health and appearance of the skin.

Moreover, when consumed, beta-carotene can be converted into vitamin A by the body. Scientific research strongly supports the idea that beta-carotene offers significant benefits for aging skin. It stimulates collagen production, which helps diminish the visibility of fine lines and wrinkles, promoting a more youthful complexion. These remarkable properties highlight the valuable role that beta-carotene plays in skincare.

Capric Fatty Acid

Capric Acid, a naturally occurring antioxidant, can be found in coconut oil, palm kernel oil, and to a lesser extent, goat’s milk. Classified as a non-essential fatty acid, it acts as an emollient, working to soften and smooth the skin’s surface. By enhancing the skin’s moisture retention capabilities, Capric Acid reduces the appearance of wrinkles.

With its antioxidant properties, Capric Acid plays a crucial role in neutralizing harmful free radicals that can damage the skin and contribute to premature aging. Additionally, this fatty acid possesses antimicrobial and antifungal properties, which help prevent the proliferation of bacteria that can irritate acne-prone skin.

Capric Acid is considered safe for all skin types and has been isolated and widely used in commercial cosmetics. Its emollient and antifungal properties not only benefit the skin but also contribute to extending the shelf life of cosmetic products.

Lauric Fatty Acid

Lauric fatty acid, naturally found in oils like coconut and palm, is a non-essential acid known for its anti-inflammatory and antibacterial properties. This makes it a key ingredient in many commercial skincare products that aim to combat microbial activity.

In addition to its antimicrobial benefits, Lauric acid also possesses moisturizing properties, making it a popular choice for addressing dry skin conditions. Coconut oil, in particular, has been used for ages to provide relief for dry skin.

However, it’s important to note that Lauric acid may not be suitable for everyone. Dermatologists advise individuals with sensitive skin to exercise caution when using oils containing this acid, as some individuals may experience allergic reactions.

Linoleic Fatty Acid

Linoleic acid, an essential fatty acid that our bodies cannot produce, is abundantly present in various nut and seed oils such as sunflower, safflower, almond, and argan oils, among others.

While it is widely known that polyunsaturated fats should replace carbohydrates and saturated fats in our diets, Linoleic acid also offers remarkable benefits when applied topically. One of its key advantages lies in its ability to support the skin’s protective barrier, promoting increased elasticity and softness.

Especially beneficial for dry skin, Linoleic acid helps to enhance hydration by preventing the loss of water through the skin’s surface. Additionally, it stimulates the regeneration of new skin cells, replacing the old ones and contributing to a healthier complexion.

Another valuable characteristic of Linoleic acid is its anti-inflammatory properties, which play a role in preventing pore blockage by inhibiting the hardening of the body’s natural sebum.

Linolenic Fatty Acid

Linolenic acid, another essential fatty acid classified as a polyunsaturated fat, can be obtained from sources such as hemp seed and flax seed oil, both rich in Omega-3 fatty acids.

When consumed, Linolenic acid has been linked to promoting a healthy heart rate and supporting overall cellular health in the body.

In skincare, Linolenic acid plays a vital role in repairing skin damage and shielding it from harmful UV radiation. It is renowned for its anti-aging properties, contributing to improved skin firmness, enhanced moisture retention, increased elasticity, and smoother texture. Additionally, it helps reduce inflammation, allowing the skin to appear more rejuvenated and youthful.

By stimulating the growth of new skin cells, Linolenic acid aids in faster healing and the production of healthy skin, promoting a vibrant and revitalized complexion.

Myristic Fatty Acid

Myristic acid, a saturated long-chain fatty acid, can be found in babassu, coconut, and palm kernel oils. While it is classified as a non-essential acid, it offers certain benefits and considerations in skincare routines.

One of the advantages of Myristic acid is its emulsifying properties. It has the ability to combine with dirt and oils, making it effective at removing excess sebum produced by oily skin. This can help keep the skin feeling clean and refreshed.

However, it’s important to be mindful of potential drawbacks. Myristic acid has the potential to be overly cleansing, especially when used in high concentrations or excessively. Over-cleansing the skin can disrupt its natural balance and lead to dryness or increased oil production as the skin tries to compensate for the lost oils. It’s important to find the right balance and consider the specific needs of your skin when incorporating products containing Myristic acid.

In summary, Myristic acid can be beneficial for individuals with oily skin as it helps control excess sebum. However, it’s important to use products containing this acid in moderation to avoid over-cleansing and potential skin imbalances.

Oleic Fatty Acid

Oleic acid, the most prevalent fatty acid in many carrier oils, is renowned for its moisturizing properties and is particularly abundant in olive oil. It has been shown to be produced in excess by individuals with oily skin.

One of the major benefits of Oleic acid is its exceptional hydration capabilities and its ability to promote skin repair. It possesses anti-inflammatory properties that can soothe and calm the skin, making it beneficial for dry and irritated skin conditions.

However, it’s important to note that Oleic acid may not be suitable for everyone. For individuals with oily, acne-prone, or combination skin, this fatty acid has the potential to be pore-clogging, leading to breakouts and congestion. It’s essential to consider your skin type and needs when using products containing high amounts of Oleic acid.

In summary, Oleic acid is a highly moisturizing and skin-nourishing fatty acid, particularly beneficial for dry skin types. Its anti-inflammatory properties can also provide relief for various skin concerns. However, caution should be exercised for oily and acne-prone skin as it may exacerbate these conditions.

Palmitic Fatty Acid

Palmitic acid, commonly found in many carrier oils, is a saturated fatty acid that is naturally produced by the body. It is known for its skin-softening and smoothing effects. When applied topically, Palmitic acid acts as an emollient, creating a protective layer on the skin’s surface. This barrier helps to retain moisture, resulting in a plump and youthful complexion.

One important role of Palmitic acid is its contribution to the skin’s lipid barrier. This fatty acid helps the skin defend against allergens, bacteria, and irritants. However, as we age, the production of Palmitic acid and other essential esters necessary for maintaining healthy skin gradually declines. This can lead to a compromised lipid barrier and increased vulnerability to external stressors.

In summary, Palmitic acid plays a vital role in keeping the skin soft and supple. It forms a protective layer that locks in moisture and contributes to a youthful appearance. However, as we age, the production of Palmitic acid decreases, emphasizing the importance of skincare routines and products that support the skin’s natural lipid barrier.

Ricinoleic Fatty Acid

Castor oil is a unique natural source of Ricinoleic acid, which has been used for centuries as a natural laxative. Today, it finds application in various industrial uses, including pigments, printing inks, and textile finishes.

One of the notable qualities of Ricinoleic acid is its anti-inflammatory and pain-reducing properties. When applied topically, it easily penetrates the skin, soothing and softening dry and rough patches. This acid is also known for its ability to stimulate collagen production, making it a popular choice for those seeking to reduce signs of aging and improve skin hydration.

In soap making, the inclusion of Ricinoleic acid creates a solid and conditioning bar. It acts as a humectant, drawing moisture from the air to keep the skin moisturized. Moreover, its viscosity helps stabilize lather and enhances the performance of oils high in myristic and lauric fatty acids, resulting in more stable and abundant bubbles.

Overall, Castor oil and its Ricinoleic acid content offer multiple benefits for skincare and soap making. It provides anti-inflammatory properties, promotes skin hydration, and contributes to the creation of a luxurious lather in soap.

Stearic Fatty Acid

Stearic acid, present in various carrier oils, is a significant component of cocoa butter and shea butter. It is widely utilized in commercial cosmetics for its lubricating and emulsifying properties, imparting a smooth and satiny texture to products.

As an emollient, Stearic acid effectively softens and smooths the skin. It strengthens the skin’s barrier by sealing in moisture and blocking out irritants, leading to a reduction in the appearance of wrinkles and fine lines. It works by filling in gaps between cells in the epidermis, promoting a more even and youthful complexion.

What sets Stearic acid apart from other emollients is its surfactant nature, allowing it to cleanse the skin. However, unlike typical surfactants, Stearic acid doesn’t strip the skin of its natural oils. This makes it a gentle cleanser that is well-tolerated by sensitive skin, even for those with compromised skin conditions.

In summary, Stearic acid offers multiple benefits as a skincare ingredient. It functions as an emollient, providing softness and moisture to the skin, while also acting as a gentle cleanser that doesn’t cause irritation or dryness. Its versatility and compatibility with various skin types make it a valuable component in cosmetic formulations.

Vitamin A

Vitamin A, found in carrier oils like Argan, Avocado, and Mango Seed Butter, is an essential nutrient that plays a crucial role in various bodily functions such as vision, growth, immune function, and reproductive health.

When applied topically, vitamin A has shown promising results in stimulating collagen production, which can help reduce the signs of aging and diminish the appearance of wrinkles. It also enhances the skin’s elasticity and addresses issues like sagging skin by promoting the formation of new blood vessels.

The anti-inflammatory properties of vitamin A have been well-documented, making it an effective ingredient in reducing clogged pores and treating acne. Furthermore, it can provide relief for various other skin concerns, offering a comprehensive approach to skincare.

In summary, vitamin A is not only important for internal health but also offers significant benefits for the skin when applied topically. Its ability to stimulate collagen production, improve elasticity, and combat inflammation makes it a valuable addition to skincare routines, helping to address signs of aging and various skin issues effectively.

Vitamin B

Almond and Jojoba Oil are known carrier oils that contain a variety of B vitamins, offering a comprehensive range of 12 different types of this essential nutrient. Among the oils available, these two stand out for their rich content of B vitamins.

The combination of the 8 B vitamins, collectively known as vitamin B complex, acts as a potent antioxidant when applied topically. This complex promotes skin cell turnover and helps combat free radical damage, resulting in a healthier and more youthful-looking complexion. The presence of vitamin B complex in these oils contributes to firm and toned skin, reducing the visible signs of aging.

One notable vitamin within the B complex is vitamin B3, also known as niacin. It is recognized as one of the most beneficial B vitamins for the skin. Vitamin B3 is often recommended to address common skin concerns such as rosacea, acne, and redness. Additionally, ProVitamin B12, another component of the B vitamin group, offers its own set of benefits for the skin.

In summary, carrier oils like Almond and Jojoba Oil provide a rich source of B vitamins, including the powerful vitamin B complex. By incorporating these oils into your skincare routine, you can take advantage of their antioxidant properties, support skin cell renewal, and address specific concerns like acne and redness.

Vitamin C

When it comes to soap and skincare, Vitamin C holds a unique position. Unlike other vitamins, it is a water-soluble vitamin and cannot be naturally found in carrier oils or transferred into the oil of any plant or fruit. One interesting characteristic of Vitamin C is its reaction with lye, even after the soap has undergone saponification. This reaction leads to the formation of sodium citrate from the sodium hydroxide, which does not contribute to soap production. It’s important to note that adding excessive citric acid during the soap curing process can result in undesirable outcomes, causing the soap to turn into a gooey mess.

Although Vitamin C offers various benefits to the skin, it is not typically added to soap formulations for the purpose of nourishing the skin directly. Claims about Vitamin C lowering the pH of soap are misleading and untrue.

In soap formulations, sodium citrate plays a different role altogether. It acts as a chelating agent, particularly beneficial in areas with hard water. Hard water contains high levels of minerals such as calcium and magnesium, which can negatively affect the performance of soap. However, sodium citrate steps in as a chelating agent, forming chemical complexes with these minerals. By doing so, it prevents the minerals from binding with the soap molecules and interfering with their cleansing action. This helps the soap lather more effectively and ensures a thorough cleansing experience even in the presence of hard water.

By acting as a chelating agent, sodium citrate addresses the challenges posed by hard water in soap formulations. It forms complexes with the minerals in the water, preventing them from affecting the soap’s cleansing abilities. So, while Vitamin C may not be directly added for skincare benefits in soap, sodium citrate, derived from the reaction of Vitamin C and lye, helps to maintain the soap’s efficacy even in areas with mineral-rich hard water.

Vitamin D

Vitamin D is a remarkable vitamin that holds a unique position in the realm of skincare and overall health. While it is primarily synthesized by the body itself, some carrier oils such as avocado, olive, and sunflower oil can also provide a natural source of vitamin D.

Our body has an incredible ability to produce vitamin D through a process initiated by sunlight exposure. When our skin is exposed to ultraviolet B (UVB) rays from the sun, a fascinating transformation takes place. The cholesterol present in our skin absorbs the UVB rays, leading to a series of chemical reactions that convert it into an inactive form of vitamin D. This precursor is then transported to the liver and kidneys, where it undergoes further modifications to become the active form of vitamin D that the body can utilize.

While the true significance of vitamin D for skincare and overall health is still being researched, emerging studies suggest its potential benefits. Researchers have found that maintaining balanced vitamin D hormone levels may have a positive impact on certain auto-immune skin conditions such as eczema, psoriasis, and rosacea. However, the exact role of topical application of vitamin D in skincare is still under investigation, and further research is needed to fully understand its potential benefits in this regard.

In summary, while the body has the remarkable ability to produce vitamin D, incorporating carrier oils rich in this vitamin and ensuring appropriate sun exposure can contribute to maintaining optimal vitamin D levels, which may play a role in supporting skin health and addressing certain skin conditions.

Vitamin E

Vitamin E, often referred to as the “skin vitamin,” is abundantly present in many carrier oils, making it a sought-after ingredient in skincare products. This vitamin is so prevalent in certain oils that they can be used as substitutes for liquid vitamin E itself.

One of the key benefits of vitamin E for the skin lies in its powerful antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. As an antioxidant, it helps protect the skin against damage caused by free radicals, which are unstable molecules that contribute to premature aging and cellular damage. By neutralizing these free radicals, vitamin E aids in reducing inflammation, promoting a more youthful appearance, and supporting overall skin health.

Moreover, vitamin E is known to support skin hydration and moisture retention, thereby improving skin elasticity and suppleness. It has been found to enhance the skin’s natural barrier function, reducing water loss and keeping the skin well-nourished and protected. Additionally, vitamin E is often used in skincare to alleviate dryness, soothe irritated skin, and minimize the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles.

Various carrier oils are rich sources of vitamin E, including but not limited to wheat germ oil, almond oil, avocado oil, and sunflower oil. These oils not only provide the skin with vitamin E’s potent benefits but also offer additional nourishment, vitamins, and fatty acids that contribute to overall skin health.

While vitamin E is sometimes used as a spot treatment for scars, its effectiveness in this regard remains a subject of debate. Further research is needed to establish the extent of its impact on scar healing and whether it can yield significant results. However, the overall positive effects of vitamin E on skin health, inflammation reduction, and rejuvenation make it a valuable ingredient in skincare formulations.

Vitamin K

Vitamin K, a group of compounds found in nut oils and green plant oils such as avocado or olive oils, plays a crucial role in supporting skin recovery and healing processes. While its exact mechanisms are still being studied, vitamin K has shown promising benefits for various skin conditions.

One notable application of vitamin K is its use in medical settings, particularly after surgeries or cosmetic procedures like laser treatments. It is believed that vitamin K can accelerate the healing of cuts, wounds, and bruises, leading to faster recovery times compared to normal healing processes.

Researchers are also exploring the potential of vitamin K in treating conditions associated with broken capillaries, such as rosacea, varicose veins, and spider veins. These conditions are characterized by the dilation or damage of blood vessels, leading to visible redness and unsightly marks on the skin. Vitamin K’s ability to support blood clotting and improve blood circulation may contribute to its effectiveness in managing these conditions. While further research is needed to establish its exact role and benefits, there is hope that vitamin K could be used as a therapeutic option in the future.

In addition to its potential for wound healing and addressing vascular conditions, vitamin K is also involved in maintaining overall skin health. It helps to regulate blood flow, reduces inflammation, and supports the integrity of blood vessels in the skin. By promoting healthy circulation and minimizing damage to blood vessels, vitamin K may contribute to a more even complexion and healthier-looking skin.

While more studies are necessary to fully understand the extent of vitamin K’s benefits for the skin, its potential in promoting healing, addressing vascular conditions, and maintaining skin health makes it an intriguing compound worth further exploration.

Fatty Acids and Vitamins

Oils and Types of Butter

Our carefully crafted soap recipes feature a range of renowned oils and butters, including well-known favorites like Olive Oil, Coconut Oil, and Shea Butter, alongside other exceptional ingredients. Among these are unique oils such as Camelina, an oil with a rich history, and Milk Thistle, Scotland’s national plant.

Each oil and butter in our soaps has been thoughtfully selected for its distinct properties, contributing to a gentle and effective cleansing experience that leaves your skin feeling refreshed and revitalized.

Discover more about what sets Highlands Lather apart and experience the uniqueness of our products firsthand.

Fatty Acids and Vitamins

Clays, Exfoliants & Other Additives

The formulas of our specialty soaps are provide a deep cleansing experience that goes beyond ordinary soaps. We incorporate a range of carefully selected clays, exfoliants, and other additives to effectively remove oils, grime, and dead skin cells, revealing a refreshed and healthy-looking complexion.

By using natural ingredients such as coffee, cornmeal, and sugar, as well as mineral-rich earth clays in our soaps to offer even further benefits. Each working specially with the soap’s recipe. 

To learn more about the added ingredients we use to enhance our soap please click the link below.

Fatty Acids and Vitamins

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